Laparoscopic urology deals with urological surgery for which a laparoscope is used (a laparoscope is an instrument consisting of a telescope with a camera or other visual device attached to it). Laparoscopic surgery is advantageous because only a small incision is made for surgery, as compared to open surgery. Consequently, the recovery time of the patient is reduced. Furthermore, the surgeons’ hands are freed so that they can work better with their instruments.
Laparoscopy has revolutionised surgery by providing the means to perform minimally access (keyhole) surgery. A wide range of laparoscopic surgeries are performed at NU Hospitals. We are one of the few hospitals performing laparoscopic live donor nephrectomies, apart from adrenalectomies, renal cyst decortications, ureterolithotomies, nephrectomies, radical nephrectomies, etc.
Laparoscopy is a technique of performing a surgical operation using instruments inserted through narrow hollow tubes (‘ports’) rather than through a larger incision, as in traditional surgery. The result is shorter hospitalization and convalescence, less bleeding and post-operative pain and fewer wound complications.
Although laparoscopy is a type of keyhole surgery, the view obtained is much better than looking through a keyhole. Modern equipment produces a wide, bright, clear and magnified view of the operation. The gas used to distend the abdomen during laparoscopy also greatly reduces bleeding during surgery.
Advantages of Laparoscopy:-
- Surgeons have known for at least a decade that patients use fewer painkillers after laparoscopic surgery, go home earlier and return to normal activities and work sooner than after traditional surgery
- There is also evidence that the chemical changes which occur in the body after surgery (the ‘stress’ response) are not as pronounced and that the likelihood of chest complications is lower after laparoscopic surgery
- A better cosmetic result
Gentler, more accurate and magnified surgery with less bleeding