NEPHROLOGY

Core Specialties


Nephrology deals with




The treatment and management of Nephrotic syndrome, acute nephritic syndrome, acute renal failure and chronic renal failure. Being a tertiary care center, all types of acute renal failure are encountered. Diabetic Nephropathy is the most commonly encountered chronic kidney disease. Given below are the descriptions of the conditions treated:


General Nephrology



  • Nephrotic Syndrome

  • Acute Nephritic Syndrome

  • Acute Renal Failure

  • Chronic Renal Failure


Dialysis


There are two types of dialysis:



  • Haemodialysis: Haemodialysis is a process that balances blood chemistry and filters wastes and fluid from the blood.

  • Peritoneal dialysis: In peritoneal dialysis, the patient’s peritoneum (membrane present inside the abdomen) is used for the purpose of dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis occurs within the patient’s body itself


CRRT


It is a form of specialised dialysis. A separate dialysis machine is dedicated for this procedure. Patients are monitored around the clock during the procedure.


Plasmapheresis


It is a specialized procedure that is performed in the ICU for certain patients who are very sick with some specific kidney diseases. In this procedure large quantities of plasma is removed from a patient and replaced with fresh frozen plasma, albumin or saline.


Renal biopsy


It is a diagnostic procedure in which a small piece of renal tissue (tissue from the kidneys) is obtained to know the cause of renal failure, to know the cause of proteinuria and to know the severity in some renal diseases like lupus nephritis.

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