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TONSILLITIS

Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils with bacteria and viruses. It causes a sore throat and painful swallowing. It is also associated with fever and can occasionally be associated with a change in voice, earache and difficulty in breathing. As a complication, Pus may sometimes collect around the tonsil (known as Quinsy), which may require drainage or surgery. Tonsillitis usually requires antibiotics and painkillers for treatment. Surgery for tonsils may be necessary in severe and chronic cases. It is known as Tonsillectomy.

MYTHS & REALITIES OF BREAST CANCER

  1. A) Breast cancer affects (in a study conducted in the US) one in every 11 women between the ages of 40 to 50 years. Yes, it is real. It means it is common cancer in women.
  2. B) Urban women are more affected than rural women.

A myth.

Two decades ago that was the notion. However, nowadays because of change in lifestyle, rural & urban women are almost equally afflicted with this cancer. Yes, probably urban women are more aware and might be reaching out to the doctor earlier.

LASER PROSTATECTOMY
A BOON TO PROSTATE PATIENTS

Most men over the age of 50 experiences symptoms of prostate gland enlargement.  The symptoms of frequency, urgency, poor urinary stream, dribbling after urination and perhaps the most troublesome of all is nocturnal (getting up at night to urinate). Many patients have loss of sleep because of an enlarged prostate gland. Here we will discuss about the prostate gland, symptoms of prostate enlargement and what treatment options are available for the same.

INTRODUCTION: 

The prostate gland is typically the size and shape of a walnut and is located below the bladder. It encircles the urethra, the tube through which urine flows from the bladder out of the body. When the prostate gland enlarges it compress the urethra and make it difficult to pass urine.

IS CANCER ACQUIRED OR INHERITED?
It is both.

We divide the diseases afflicting man as infective like HIV, Tuberculosis, etc.
Congenital (seen mostly in kids) like Hirschsprung's, cystic fibrosis, congenital heart diseases, etc.
Inherited or genetic like orthopedic deformities, endocrine disorders (sometimes), colonic polyps (large bowel disease) or some cancers like lung cancer, etc.
Hence, cancer is mostly acquired.

KIDNEY CANCER CAN BE A SURPRISE

Kidney Cancer refers to the Cancer that can originate in the kidneys. Kidney cancer ranks among the top 10 most cancers in both men and women. The incidence of Kidney Cancer has been increasing in recent times as it is being now more frequently detected with improved diagnostic techniques, imaging technologies and general health awareness among general population. According to The American Cancer Society statistics around 65,000 new cases of kidney cancer will occur in 2017 and about 14,400 people will die from the disease. The average age to develop kidney cancer is 64 years. Life time risk of developing a kidney cancer is 1 in 63 (1.6%). Unlike other cancers, as prostate, cervix or breast, there is no recommended screening test for kidney cancer. Since kidney cancers do not usually produce any signs or symptoms, it is easy to go unnoticed until the disease has progressed.

Hence it becomes important for those at a higher risk of developing the disease to know to the symptoms that can occur and consult their urologist.

 

 

FACTS SHEET ON CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE - DR.SATYANARAYANA REDDY

  

best

 Facts sheet on Chronic Kidney Disease

 (Previously known as Chronic renal failure)

Dr Satyanarayana Reddy MBBS, DNB, MRCP (UK), CCST in Nephrology (UK)

What kidneys do?

Kidneys are one of the most important vital organs in the body as they help us to: